Known hazards associated with AI such as discrimination, diminished privacy and opaque decision making, are exacerbated in the context of health. This is due to the vulnerability and dependency of patients and the potentially life-threatening effects of inaccurate or dysfunctional AI-technology used in the health environment. A lack of adequate regulation of health AI may compromise patients’ rights.
This PhD project aims to examine the ways by which health AI will be regulated at the EU level and explores legal challenges through a patients’ rights lens, using both legal and social sciences methods. To this end, this thesis analyses three case studies: the use of AI in public health surveillance, AI-driven medical imaging for diagnostics and the use of AI in clinical decision-making.